The first and most important thing they should know is the exact level of offense they are charged with, and what the possible punishment range is going to be. For example, a Class a misdemeanor, the possible punishment is up to a year in jail, and up to a $4000 fine. Therefore, the first thing the client needs to understand is the name of the offense, the level of the offense, and the possible punishment range. Then the next thing they need to understand is what the likelihood of conviction is. Do we have a good chance to win? Is there a good chance that the jury will find the client not guilty? If there is not a good chance, then what is the likely punishment that would come into play if they were found guilty? Those are the issues, which we carefully advise the client of, so that they can intelligently make a decision on whether to accept a plea bargain, or to go through a trial.